Jan 21, 2016
Rùa khổng lồ đảo Galapagos
- Đường kính mai 1m2 - 1m5
- Nặng từ 200 kgs - 250 kgs
- Tuổi thọ: 100 - 150 tuổi
- Sống nhiều nhất tại đảo Galapagos - Ecuador
- Ước lượng khoảng 15 ngàn con còn sống
Sitting right atop the Equator, approximately 600 miles directly west of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands had no original inhabitants. They were discovered in 1535 by Tomas de Berlanga, the Spanish Bishop of Panama, when his ship drifted by the islands.
The Galapagos Islands first appeared on maps in the late 16th century, and were named "Insulae de los Galopegos" (Islands of the Tortoises) in reference to the giant tortoises found there.
The first navigation chart of the Galapagos islands was done by the buccaneer Ambrose Cowley in 1684, and he reportedly named the individual islands after some of his fellow pirates, as well as European nobility.
Until the early 19th century the islands were used as a hideout by pirates who pilfered Spanishgalleons carrying gold and silver from South America, back to Spain.
In 1793, James Colnett, an officer of the British Royal Navy, and explorer, suggested the islands could be used as base for the whalers operating in the Pacific Ocean as they offered fresh water, and an almost endless supply of meat. (worldatlas.com)