|Svetlana Alexievich (1948)|
Nhà văn người Belarus Svetlana Alexievich được biết như người ghi chép sự kiện thảm hoạ nguyên tử Chernobyl, được trao giải thưởng Nobel Văn Chương hôm thứ Năm 8/10/2015 "vì những áng văn đa âm vang của bà, một tưởng niệm đài của sự đớn đau và lòng can đảm trong thời đại chúng ta."
Belarusian author Svetlana Alexievich, known for chronicling the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, was awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize for literature Thursday "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time."
She does not, she says, document a dry history of facts and events.
"I'm writing a history of human feelings," Alexievich says. "What people thought, understood and remembered during the event. What they believed in or mistrusted, what illusions, hopes and fears they experienced. This is impossible to imagine or invent, at any rate in such multitude of real details."
In a 2005 address to the PEN World Voices Festival in the United States, Alexievich explained how she found her writing style. Her comments were translated into English.
For people living in Slavic countries, the spoken word is extremely important, she said. "The point is not simply to exchange facts and information -- the idea is that it's important to speak of the essence of life and of its mystery."
"As I was searching for the way to represent this, I began to understand that what I was hearing people say on the street and in the crowds was much more effectively capturing what was going on than what I was reading in print -- and the way that people were trying to convey it using their pen," Alexievich said.
In the modern world, she said, it was impossible to write "the book" that encompassed everything in the manner of 19th century novelists.
"We need to have a book where lots of people can make a contribution -- one person may speak half a page, someone else may have a paragraph or five pages that they can contribute and that this is a way of conveying what's going on today."
Source: cnn.com; reuters.com