Aug 11, 2014

writers, người viết, nghề viết

Người VN dịch chữ writer trong Anh ngữ là nhà văn theo cái nghĩa người có viết sách, thường là tiểu thuyết, được xuất bản. Thật ra, writers là một nghề nghiệp khá rộng rãi. Chứ không chỉ có viết sách tiểu thuyết, novelist hay author, như cách người VN  gọi là nhà văn.

New writers looking for a career do not always realise just how many paths there are to choose within the writing field. It is easy to see the writer's role in the production of a book or a newspaper, but writers are present in practically all types of scripted activities for public viewing -- be it the evening news, the morning cartoons or political speeches. Of course, most writers find it necessary to do more than one type of writing! The art of shaping words is employed in an incredible number of job types.

Academic writers are all those who write for scientific journals, university magazines etc
Columnists typically make their living by following and commenting on trends rather than news.
Copywriters are among the best-paid writers in the whole business. All marketing is written in order to sell something and normally a good marketing text
Game writers are a specialised kind of screenwriter. They write the plots, create the characters and describe the surroundings in general terms, and also write the dialogue used in the game.
Journalists are a mixed group of writers. They are the writers read by the most people; working in the national and local newspapers and magazines that are read every day by millions of people.
Nonfiction book writers are a large group of writers that includes academic and technical writers
Novelists, also known as authors, write long stories. Much can be said about the craft, but the prime virtue of a novelist is the ability to plan and complete the work.
Poetry writers (poets) have the unenviable position of being the lowest paid writers in the entire writing business. Poetry simply doesn't sell, even if many read poetry. Many poetry writers find themselves paying to enter contests where the top prize is being published and get a complimentary copy of the magazine
Screenwriters are the most numerous group of scriptwriters. They write scripts for movies and television, and when the movies or TV series
Songwriters are seldom paid much for the texts they write; a successful writer with several decently selling musicians or studios as customers can make a living, but for most the song writing is just a side income.

Kind of writers